01. What is your
expectancy favors the female gender regardless of
02. Where is your
expectancy varies by nation due to genetic and cultural
03. Do you have an
annual physical exam?
diseases (cancers, hypertension) in later life are
asymptomatic, go unnoticed and untreated.
04. Enter the number
of parents, grandparents, or great-grandparents who lived to
demonstrates that long-lived parents tend to produce
05. Do you volunteer
on a weekly basis?
confirm that volunteering focuses attention away from
ourselves and onto others.
06. Do you live
FACT: Adults who
live alone tend to be less well-nourished, more isolated, and
07. Are you able to
laugh at and learn from your mistakes?
humility, and a positive outlooks are linked to increased life
08.Do you have a confidant who
listens to your most intimate concerns?
offer emotional catharsis and a sense of personal worth to
those in crisis.
09. Do you engage in
daily mental exercises such as puzzles, games, learning or
Individuals that continually challenge their minds suffer
fewer cognitive disorders.
10. Do you engage in
some form of daily aerobic exercise such as swimming, jogging
at one’s target heart rate strengthens the heart and boosts
11. Do you eat a
balanced diet, including fresh fruit, vegetables, and whole
dieters experience lower risk of both genetic and culturally
12. Do you smoke a
pack of cigarettes daily?
causes nearly half a million cancer and lung disease deaths
13. Do you live
with, work with, or spend time with people who
close association with smokers is thought to reduce a person’s
life expectancy by one year, recent research suggests this
association may reduce life expectancy by two years.
14. Does your body
weight “yo-yo” as you go on and off diet fads?
dietary regimens stress the heart and immune system,
increasing the risk of disease.
15. Do you own a
Peer-reviewed scientific journals substantially support
longevity benefits of pet companionship. (Note: Avoid exotic
pets, such as parrots, monkeys, reptiles, or rodents. These
animals have been known to carry diseases that can be
transmitted to humans.
16. When writing,
which hand do you use?
FACT: Life is
stressful for lefties living in a made-for right-hand world.
Lefties live in a world where most objects are designed for
right-handed people. Objects such as scissors, pencil
sharpeners, door openers, and can openers are rarely designed
for left-handed people.
17. How tall are
FACT: Size does
matter, but not in any way you may have thought. Shorter
people live longer.
18. Do you belong to
any religious group, and do you practice your
to both physical and spiritual needs lowers morbidity and
19. Do you have two
or more daughters?
provide the bulk of eldercare. Even daughters-in-law provide
more care than do sons.
20. Do you use
stress management techniques such as meditation, quiet time or
visiting a spa?
there is no escape from stress in our modern society, stress
management is the best response.
21. How do you get
offers fitness benefits, as well as a sense of self-reliance
and personal freedom (no gridlock!).
22. How many
cosmetic surgeries did you have?
surgery reduces age phobia and age discrimination and evokes a
positive response from a youth-obsessed world. Too many
cosmetic surgeries (that is, more than one every 10 years),
however, may actually accelerate the aging process.
23. Do you fear the
uncertainties of growing old?
FACT: Fear of
aging increases your risk of emotional illnesses such as self
hatred, denial and depression.
24. Do you routinely
studies claim that frequent cannabis use increases the risk of
physical and mental disorders—such as lung and heart disease
and psychosis—by as much as 150 percent.
25. Are you sexually
in unprotected sex with multiple partners greatly increases
the risk of sexually transmitted diseases.
26. Are you engaged
in a long-term relationship of trust and mutual
relationship of this nature fulfills emotional, social, and
physical needs and lowers morbidity and mortality risks.
27. Are all your
friends the same age as you?
Do you have friends
of different ages?
friends from a younger generation counters an age-related
decrease in your social network. Social isolation sets the
stage for a variety of age-accelerating conditions. Those who
live alone, for example, have a shorter life expectancy due to
poor nutrition; the absence of companionship and someone who
can intervene during periods of depression or physical
illness; a decreasing need to get dressed and groomed; and
safety issues (for example, the hearing impaired often
misinterpret abnormal sounds, such as bathroom water pipes
gurgling, as human voices whispering) and no one is present to
tell them otherwise.
28. Do you keep a
written list of specific life goals with time frames for
FACT: Studies of
performance behavior link specific goals and achievements to
quality of life.
29. How many blood
relatives do you have that have cardiovascular disease or
cancer prior to age 50?
history demonstrates just how many cultural risks are
increased by genetic predisposition. Culture (lifestyle) and
genetics (inherited conditions) moderate the aging process.
For example, some ethnic groups share a history of longevity,
as do the children of long-lived parents.
30. How many blood
relatives do you have that have history of obesity, diabetes,
or chronic depression?
history demonstrates just how many cultural risks are enhanced
by genetic predisposition.
31. Do you take a
once-daily dose (physician-approved) of an anti-inflammatory
32. Do you have an
annual physical exam that includes a review of diet,
over-the-counter medications, prescriptions, and dietary
oversight, combining prescription and over-the-counter
medications with dietary supplements can be life threatening.
33. Does your dental
care routine include daily brushing and flossing, plus a
six-month checkup and cleaning?
FACT: A lack of
preventive dental care and poor oral health habits raises the
risk of infection elsewhere in the body, such as the heart.
34. Do you compute
your daily caloric needs, then reduce caloric intake by 20
demonstrates a strong relationship between reduced caloric
intake and longevity. If you answered “No” to this
question, read the chapter, Thoughts for Food, for more
information about computing your daily caloric needs and the
benefits of reducing your caloric intake by 20 percent.
35. Do you have one
daily serving of red wine (7 oz), purple grape juice (7 oz),
or RDA grape-seed extract?
FACT: The agent
in purple grapes enhances cardiovascular health by flushing
cholesterol from the arteries.
36. Do you have one
daily serving of oatmeal or oatbran (one -half cup, or one 70-
gram granola bar)?
FACT: The fiber
in oatmeal enhances cardiovascular health by flushing
cholestoral from the arteries.
37. Are you involved
in supervised strength training 3 times per week?
strength, flexibility, and coordination are essential to daily
living and reduce the likelihood of tripping and falling.
38. Do you have a
daily exercise routine that consists of at least 20 minutes of
supervised cardiovascular training at your target heart rate,
as well as warm-up and cool-down periods?
Cardiovascular and metabolic benefits occur when exercise is
performed at your target heart rate. If you answered
“No” to this question, read chapter five, Full Body Contact,
for more information about calculating your target heart rate
and the benefits of a regular exercise routine.
39. Is your home and
indoor work space adequately ventilated by frequently opening
windows, or equipped with air filtration that can filter
Environmental studies have documented increasing evidence of
cardiopulmonary diseases generated from indoor air and
materials. Common items you have and use in and around your
home – such as carpets and furniture, insecticides, cleansers,
and paint and varnish – can release toxins into the air. In
addition, all homes absorb toxins from the outside environment
through normal cracks in foundations and walls.
40. Do you eat or
drink more than two daily servings of caffeinated products
(coffee, tea, cola, chocolate)?
helps headache pain, but its toxic affect elsewhere elevates
the risk of cancer and heart disease.
41. Is your BMI
(body mass index) 25 or greater?
FACT: A Body
Mass Index of 25 or above increases the risk of diabetes,
heart attack, stroke, and hypertension. Clinical obesity has
multiple negative and long-term effects on organs throughout
the body. If you do not know how to calculate your
Body Mass Index, read chapter five, Full Body Contact, for
42. Is the average
time you take to consume your meals more than 30
FACT: Your brain
requires 30 minutes to measure fullness, by which time you're
often on a second or third helping.
43. Do you eat,
drink, or use a cell phone while driving your
distracting behaviors elevate your risk of frightening close
calls and outright accidents.
44. Humans require 8
hours of sleep each 24 hour day. How many hours do you sleep
Peer-reviewed research documents that sleep deprivation and
excess sleep nearly double the risk of premature death.
45. Within a 24-hour
day, how many hours do you sleep?
average, most people need between 6 and 8 hours of sleep.
Sleep deprivation is associated with poor concentration, more
frequent accidents, and substandard effort.
46. Can you list
symptoms associated with colon cancer?
FACT: It is not
necessary for this cancer to be so dangerous to your health.
Get a checkup, now.
47. Can you list
symptoms of adult-onset diabetes?
lifestyle, dietary habits, or a combination of the three are
all risk factors.
48. Women only: Can
you list breast cancer symptoms?
measures such as breast self-examination and mammography
49. Can you list
high blood pressure symptoms?
FACT: There are
no symptoms associated with high blood pressure; therefore,
you should have your blood pressure checked regularly.
50. Women only: Have
you had a bone density test as a preventive step against
Osteoporosis is more prevalent in women and increases the risk
of back and hip fractures. Start monitoring early. As a
preventive health measure, women should monitor their calcium
needs as early as age 23 and their bone density as early as
51. Men only: Can
you list prostate cancer symptoms?
FACT: After age
50, your doctor should monitor prostate health by reliable
digital or PSA testing.
52. Men only: Can
you list testicular cancer symptoms?
clothing fabric or styles that elevate testicle temperature.
Monitor on a regular basis by inspecting the soft tissue of
the testicles for lumps and painful areas; if found, see your
doctor for a professional examination.
53. Women only: Can
you list ovarian cancer symptoms?
risks exist but increase after menopause, and in association
with advancing age.
54. Can you list
heart attack symptoms?
FACT: Learn the
symptoms and immediate interventions. Learn Cardiopulmonary
Resusciation (CPR) for protecting loved ones.
55. How would you
rate your sex life?
Overstimulation by advertising, entertainment, and fashion
results in a genuine need for a positive sexual outlet. The
many ways in which the body benefits from a satisfying sex
life are well documented at the National Institutes on Aging
Web site located at